Blue and Green Honey Makes French Beekeepers See Red

ABC News Video  10/5/12 

Bees produce blue honey! Are M&Ms to blame? 

 

Reuters  By Patrick Genthon 10/4/12

Bees have a taste for M&M's candy, beekeepers discover

MULHOUSE, France, Oct 4 (Reuters) - Bees at a cluster of apiaries in northeastern France have been producing honey in mysterious shades of blue and green, alarming their keepers who now believe residue from containers of M&M's candy processed at a nearby biogas plant is the cause.

Since August, beekeepers around the town of Ribeauville in the region of Alsace have seen bees returning to their hives carrying unidentified colourful substances that have turned their honey unnatural shades.

Mystified, the beekeepers embarked on an investigation and discovered that a biogas plant 4 km (2.5 miles) away has been processing waste from a Mars plant producing M&M's, bite-sized candies in bright red, blue, green, yellow and brown shells.

Asked about the issue, Mars had no immediate comment.

The unsellable honey is a new headache for around a dozen affected beekeepers already dealing with high bee mortality rates and dwindling honey supplies following a harsh winter, said Alain Frieh, president of the apiculturists' union.

Agrivalor, the company operating the biogas plant, said it had tried to address the problem after being notified of it by the beekeepers.

"We discovered the problem at the same time they did. We quickly put in place a procedure to stop it," Philippe Meinrad, co-manager of Agrivalor, told Reuters.

He said the company had cleaned its containers and incoming waste would now be stored in a covered hall.

Mars operates a chocolate factory near Strasbourg, around 100 km (62 miles) away from the affected apiaries.

Bee numbers have been rapidly declining around the world in the last few years and the French government has banned a widely used pesticide, Cruiser OSR, that one study has linked to high mortality rates.

France is one of the largest producers of honey within the European Union, producing some 18,330 tonnes annually, according to a recent audit conducted for national farm agency FranceAgriMer.

Ribeauville, situated on a scenic wine route southwest of Strasbourg, is best known for its vineyards. But living aside winemakers are about 2,400 beekeepers in Alsace who tend some 35,000 colonies and produce about 1,000 tonnes of honey per year, according to the region's chamber of agriculture.

As for the M&M's-infused honey, union head Frieh said it might taste like honey, but there the comparison stopped.

"For me, it's not honey. It's not sellable."

(Additional reporting and writing By Alexandria Sage; Editing by Catherine Bremer and Paul Casciato)

Reuters: http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/10/04/france-bees-idUSL6E8L49PN20121004

Related articles:
http://www.nytimes.com/2010/11/30/nyregion/30bigcity.html?_r=0
http://www.foxnews.com/science/2012/10/05/mm-loving-bees-make-colorful-honey/
http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/49294443/ns/world_news-world_environment/#.UG9Jek2HITZ
http://www.inquisitr.com/352990/mm-plant-turns-bee-honey-blue-and-green/

Update at  8:24 a.m. 10/5/12  ET. NPR By Mark Memmott:

Sacre Bleu! French Bees' Taste for M&Ms Makes Colored Honey

Why were their bees producing honey in shades of blue and green, wondered beekeepers in the Alsace region of France?

The answer, according to France 24 and Le Monde, was that the bees apparently like M&M's.

"Instead of pollinating flowers in local fields, [the] bees had been tempted over to [a] biogas plant — more than 4km away — for sugary snacks," says France 24. The plant processes waste from a factory that produces those little candies that "melt in your mouth, not in your hand." It's now secured the waste to keep it away from the bees.

As for the honey, it's reportedly not fit for sale. Though we have to wonder if perhaps somebody's missing a marketing opportunity.

Update at 11:30 a.m. ET. Brooklyn's Red Bees:

Eyder remembered this New York Times story from 2010: "The Mystery of the Red Bees of Red Hook." There, bees were enjoying the sweet stuff at Dell's Maraschino Cherries Company.

http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2012/10/05/162351965/sacre-bleu-french-bees-taste-for-m-ms-makes-for-colored-honey