Walt McBride - A Tribute

On Monday evening, December 29, 2014, family, friends and lots of beekeepers gathered for the memorial service for Walt McBride. Walt was recognized in the beekeeping community as someone who truly cared about sharing his experience and knowledge of bees and beekeeping with anyone who wanted to know more about the 'gift of the bees.' He was a long time member and past president of the Los Angeles County Beekeepers Association and first recipient of the Golden Hive Tool award (our President's choice of someone who has shown great dedication to the club and thereby improved people's experience of beekeeping).  Walt was a treasure and will be greatly missed.

We would like to thank Keith Roberts, LACBA President, and long time friend and fellow beekeeper of Walt's for compiling this beautiful Collage and Video. 



Telling the Bees 
by John Greenleaf Whittier

Here is the place; right over the hill 
Runs the path I took; 
You can see the gap in the old wall still, 
And the stepping-stones in the shallow brook. 

There is the house, with the gate red-barred, 
And the poplars tall; 
And the barn's brown length, and the cattle-yard, 
And the white horns tossing above the wall. 

There are the beehives ranged in the sun; 
And down by the brink 
Of the brook are her poor flowers, weed-o'errun, 
Pansy and daffodil, rose and pink. 

A year has gone, as the tortoise goes, 
Heavy and slow; 
And the same rose blows, and the same sun glows, 
And the same brook sings of a year ago. 

There 's the same sweet clover-smell in the breeze; 
And the June sun warm 
Tangles his wings of fire in the trees, 
Setting, as then, over Fernside farm. 

I mind me how with a lover's care 
From my Sunday coat 
I brushed off the burrs, and smoothed my hair, 
And cooled at the brookside my brow and throat. 

Since we parted, a month had passed, -- 
To love, a year; 
Down through the beeches I looked at last 
On the little red gate and the well-sweep near. 

I can see it all now, -- the slantwise rain 
Of light through the leaves, 
The sundown's blaze on her window-pane, 
The bloom of her roses under the eaves. 

Just the same as a month before, -- 
The house and the trees, 
The barn's brown gable, the vine by the door, -- 
Nothing changed but the hives of bees. 

Before them, under the garden wall, 
Forward and back, 
Went drearily singing the chore-girl small, 
Draping each hive with a shred of black. 

Trembling, I listened: the summer sun 
Had the chill of snow; 
For I knew she was telling the bees of one 
Gone on the journey we all must go! 

Then I said to myself, "My Mary weeps 
For the dead to-day: 
Haply her blind old grandsire sleeps 
The fret and the pain of his age away." 

But her dog whined low; on the doorway sill, 
With his cane to his chin, 
The old man sat; and the chore-girl still 
Sung to the bees stealing out and in. 

And the song she was singing ever since 
In my ear sounds on: -- 
"Stay at home, pretty bees, fly not hence! 
Mistress Mary is dead and gone!"

Read about: The Telling of the Bees 

Walt McBride - Memorial: Monday, December 29, 2014 at 4:30pm

Memorial - Walt McBride
View this email in your browser
On Sunday December 21, 2014, Mr. Walt McBride, long-term member and the first LACBA Golden Hive Tool recipient, passed away.

Memorial Service:
4:30 pm
Monday, December 29, 2014 
Brandeis-Bardin Campus
"Rec Center" (Building K)

1101 Peppertree,
Brandeis, CA 93064
Randy McBride 
Melissa McBride Harvieux

An old beekeeping tradition when a beekeeper dies calls for draping the hives in mourning and "telling the bees" verbally about the passing of their caretaker. This supposedly prevents them from absconding and encourages them to behave for whoever ultimately replaces the beekeeper in caring for the bees. Walt's protégé, our current President Keith Roberts, has worked with Walt and his bees for several years and is still trying to figure out how to tell Walt's bees about his passing.


Copyright © 2014 Los Angeles County Beekeepers Association, All rights reserved. 


Beekeepers Start the New Year in California

Beekeepers Start the New Year in California

The American Honey Producers Association and the American Beekeeping Federation hold their annual conferences January 6-10 in California—32 miles from each other.  Enjoy the sunshine, warm temperatures, and learn about honey bees, beekeeping, honey production, and all things in between.  To register for the conferences select the links below.



UC Davis Department of Entomology Newsletter Nov/Dec 2014

Dear all, 

Here is the November/December 2014 issue of the UC Davis Apiculture Newsletter. We hope you enjoy reading it as much as we enjoyed preparing it.   

Happy holidays,
Elina L. Niño, Ph.D.
Extension Apiculturist, Department of Entomology and Nematology,
University of California, Davis
Davis, CA 95616

URL: http://elninobeelab.ucdavis.edu/


The Night Before Christmas

Bug Squad     By Kathy Keatley Garvey   December 24, 2014

Professor Clement Clarke Moore (July 15, 1779 – July 10, 1863) wrote "A Visit from St. Nicholas" for his family in 1822. It later became known as "The Night Before Christmas."  Fast forward, 92 years later. With apologies to the good professor, we took pen in hand and thought about what "The Night Before Christmas" might be like in a honey bee colony.

The Night Before Christmas...in a Bee Colony

‘Twas the night before Christmas and all through the bee yard
Not a creature was stirring, not even a guard
The honey was packed in the hive with care
In hopes that St. Nicholas soon would be there.

The larvae were nestled all snug in their beds,
While visions of royal jelly danced in their heads
The workers, drones and queen were all a'fling
To await what trouble next spring will bring.

It's a dangerous world out there, the queen said
Life on the wing can leave you dead
Spiders, dragonflies, yellowjackets and birds
Assassin bugs, mantids and wasps, it's absurd.

Then there are pesticides, parasites and pests
And viruses, diseases, malnutrition and stress
It's a dangerous world everywhere, the queen said
A little of that can leave us all dead.

For years, we put out the "unwelcome mat"
For there are bears, skunks and raccoons about
And ‘possums, badgers, ‘jackets, and mice
'Scuse me! Why can't everyone just be nice?

Santa, you didn't listen to us bees
When we sat down upon your knees
You called us by name, that is true
But you left us all feeling quite blue.

Hi, honey! Hi, sweetie! Hi, sugar! Hi, dear!
You said we had nothing to fear.
Hi, darling! Hi, precious! Hi, baby! Hi, love!
And with that, you gave us a shove.

You didn't ask what kills us, St. Nick
You didn't ask what makes us sick
You didn't ask us about our clan
Do you care that we're in a jam?

There's just one thing we want, that's it
Something that will make us fit
Just two little words, please answer our call
We want to “bee healthy,” for once and for all!

(c) Kathy Keatley Keatley December 24, 2014



Walt McBride

December 22, 2014

It is with deep sorrow and a heavy heart we inform you that longtime beekeeper and Los Angeles County Beekeepers Association member, Walt McBride, passed away this morning.  When we have more information, we will let you know.

Walt is so loved and will be missed. May we see his spirit in the spring as the honeybees swarm.  

"Every saint has a bee in his halo." -Elbert Hubbard

Kids 'n Bees: Kids and Bees and Disneyland

Bee Girl   From Sarah Red-Laird  December 17, 2014

The "Kids and Bees" event is right around the corner, and I am hoping you can help me with a couple of things? 
  • We need volunteers to help on the day of the event.  Duties consist of managing activity table to help kids with activities such as beeswax candle rolling, microscopes, almond shelling, face painting, honey tasting etc.
  • We need to get the word out about the event to local kids (Classrooms, homeschool groups, 4-H'ers, Girl and Boy Scouts, etc.).  
Exciting news!  Bee Girl and the American Beekeeping Federation are coming to the Disneyland Resort, for the annual North American Conference and Tradeshow January 6th-10th.  From 9:00 am till noon on the morning of Friday the 9th we are hosting a"Kids and Bees" event to engage the local community.  
For registering as a volunteer, or a student group - please contact me at sarah@beegirl.org or 541-708-1127.  Thank you!! 
This no-cost event has been a tradition with the ABF conference for over 20 years, and is a "don't miss" opportunity for school groups, home schooled kids, scouts, and clubs. Kids and their teachers or parents can expect a room full of hands-on activities under the themes of, “The Art of Beekeeping,”  “The Science of Beekeeping,” “The World of Beekeeping,” and “The Future of Bees: It’s Up to You!”  Favorites such as beeswax candle rolling, bee finger puppet making, and hive displays will be there.  The highlights this year will be face painting, a photo booth with costumes, and an ultraviolet “Bee View” demonstration.  Students will make their way through each station, engaging with beekeepers and Honey Queens from around the US, and activities that will harness their senses and imaginations.  

Click this link for a video by the LA Farm Bureau of a similar program from earlier this year in New Orleans!

See the Press Release for more information.  
And for more information, join our Facebook event page, or to register your children or students for the January 9th free program, please contact Sarah Red-Laird at sarah@beegirl.org or 541-708-1127.   
Please share this information with your community asap, space is limited - but it's our goal to bring as many students as we can to learn about our bees!
Sarah Red-Laird
Bee Girl, Executive Director
American Beekeeping Federation, Kids and Bees Program Director
International Bee Research Association, Bee World Program US Ambassador 

"Beekeeping Education // Honey Bee Conservation" 

Guelph Scientists One Step Closer to Inhibiting Destructive Bee Disease

The Globe and Mail    By Eric Atkins  December 16, 2014

The honeybees responsible for pollinating one-third of the food we eat face a host of threats, from bloodsucking mites and viruses to pesticides and climate change.

But researchers at the University of Guelph have taken a big step toward fighting the most destructive and widespread killer of honeybee larvae, a disease known as American foulbrood.

For the first time, scientists have identified a toxin released by the pathogen, and come up with a drug that could stop the disease that is prevalent in North America, Europe and other parts of the world.

“What we’ve found is an important factor that we can inhibit in this honeybee disease,” said Rod Merrill, a Guelph biochemist and co-author of the study to be published in the December issue of the Journal of Biological Chemistry.

American foulbrood, named for the smell of infected hives and the country in which it was first identified more than a century ago, is spread easily among honeybee colonies by spores carried by adult bees. The spores are eaten by larvae, which die but also spread millions more spores into the hive.

“The next generation is kaput. It’s not toxic to the adults, but that ultimately destroys the hive,” Prof. Merrill said in an interview. “And then what happens is robber bees go into the hive and steal the honey, which is contaminated with the bacterial spores, and then they drag it over to their hive, so it just proliferates.”

Hives infected with the bacteria quickly fail, and beekeepers must burn the hive and all associated equipment to ensure the spores are destroyed.

There is no cure for American foulbrood. Antibiotics used to control the disease have proven ineffective as resistant strains have developed.

Field tests to be conducted on hives in the spring will show whether the drug is effective at controlling American foulbrood, said Prof. Merrill, who began the research more than two years ago.

The drug that could treat the disease is not an antibiotic, but an anti-virulence compound that controls the toxin that kills the larvae but does not prompt the bacteria to mutate by threatening their survival.

“Research takes a long time. So right at this moment I can’t say what the impact will be in treating American foulbrood,” Prof. Merrill said. “However, I can say it’s going in the right direction that we need to characterize the toxins produced by the organism that causes American foulbrood or the impending crisis for the honeybee is going to get worse.”

Long winters, virus-bearing varroa mites and pesticide exposure have contributed to declines in honeybee populations in North America and Europe. In Ontario, declining honey production and mounting costs of replacing dead bees have been blamed in part on neonicotinoid pesticides that are used to grow corn and soybeans.

In response, the Ontario government recently said it plans to impose rules that would reduce the use of the systemic pesticide by 80 per cent by 2017. Farmers who plant seeds treated with neonics would have to show their fields are susceptible to grubs, worms and other yield-destroying pests.

The move is opposed by the chemical companies that sell the pesticide-treated seeds and the Grain Farmers of Ontario, which says the restrictions will take away an important tool farmers use to protect their harvests.

A new poll of 1,000 Ontarians shows nearly 80 per cent support the provincial government’s plans to restrict the use of neonics, which scientists say impair bees’ foraging abilities and contribute to colony failure.

The poll, released by the Canadian Association of Physicians for the Environment, Friends of the Earth Canada and the Ontario Beekeepers’ Association, found support for the restrictions was strongest (85 per cent) in Southwestern Ontario, the heart of Canada’s corn-and-soybean region. Support was weakest, 60 per cent, in the central part of the province.

“Our food security depends on healthy pollinators,” said Gideon Forman of the Canadian Association of Physicians for the Environment. “Ontarians are aware of the current crisis and want the government to take action to protect bees.”

Read at:  http://www.theglobeandmail.com/technology/science/scientists-in-guelph-come-one-step-closer-to-saving-the-bees/article22098146/

Legalization Update: Beekeeping in City of Los Angeles


The City of Los Angeles Department of City Planning is in the process of preparing an ordinance to allow beekeeping on single-family zone lots, with a draft ordinance expected before City Planning Commission in the spring of 2015. This ordinance draft is in response to a City Council Motion directing our Department and Animal Services to report back on the feasibility of beekeeping in residential neighborhoods.

Preliminary Outreach Meeting
Saturday, January 10, 2015 | 10:00 a.m.
Hollenbeck Police Station
2111 E. 1st St., Los Angeles, CA
(street parking available, transit options are available, entrance at the front of the police station)

HoneyLove Event post: https://www.facebook.com/events/844746942253551/?ref_newsfeed_story_type=regular

How To Make Honey-Lemon Throat Lozenges: The Perfect Remedy for Cough, Throat & Mouth Health

Living Traditionally  By Dr. Payam Hakimi, D.O.   December 9, 2014

Instead of buying conventional cough drops that are loaded with artificial flavors and toxic substances, you can make some of your own. These cough drops are  extremely easy to make, and can also be customized to reflect personal tastes and preferences. I love adding essential oils to my natural remedies. They work with your body’s chemistry to  help build up your immune system and help fight the bacteria & viruses causing your symptoms.

Peppermint essential oil contains the volatile oil menthol which helps soothe the bronchial and help eases sore throats.  It also has antibacterial, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, insecticidal, antispasmodic and carminative properties.


  • 5 ounces raw honey
  • About 2 tablespoons water
  • 5 drops peppermint essential oil (where to find)
  • Zest of one lemon


1. Combine  honey, and water in a  small saucepan. Heat over a low flame  and bring the mixture to a boil.

2. Cover for 4 minutes.

3. Remove from heat and let cool for five minutes.

4. Stir in lemon zest and peppermint essential oil.

5. Use a teaspoon to drop small amounts of the mixture onto the cookie sheet making sure to leave some space between them, because they’ll spread.

6. Allow it to harden. This will take approximately 30 minutes.

7. Let cool for 1/2 hour and store in an air-tight container. Keeps for 3-6 months in dry conditions.

Read at: http://livingtraditionally.com/make-honey-lemon-throat-lozenges-perfect-remedy-cough-throat-mouth-health/

Bees and Wasps in Great Britain Have Been Disappearing for More Than a Century

The Smithsonian         By Sarah Zielinski    December 11, 2014

BEES and changes in agricultural practices since the 19th century may be major culprit in the pollinators' decline.

Do you like apple pie, guacamole and orange juice? Then you'd better be worried about disappearing bees. The insects are prolific pollinators, credited with helping a variety of fruits, nuts and other commercial crops flourish. But since the early 2000s scientists have been sounding the alarm that pollinating bees are being stricken with disease or mysteriously vanishing from their hives. Culprits behind what is now commonly called Colony Collapse Disorder have ranged from parasites to pesticides.

However, analysis of species diversity in Great Britain shows a decline in pollinating bees and wasps that began far earlier than scientists had suspected. Nearly two dozen species have disappeared from Britain since the middle of the 19th century, according to the study, published today in Science. While managed bees pollinate many commercial crops today, wild bees, wasps and other species also play a significant role in agriculture, particularly for foods such as blueberries, sunflowers and soybeans. 

The study authors found that in Britain, local extinctions—or extirpations—were highest during an agricultural ramp-up that began after World War I, suggesting that changes in agricultural practices sparked the loss of pollinators. 

Lead author Jeff Ollerton at the University of Northampton and his colleagues pored through almost 500,000 records of bee and wasp sightings from the 1850s to the present, held by the Bees, Wasps and Ants Recording Society. This group of British scientists and volunteers collects data about the distribution and biology of insects in the order Hymenoptera (which includes many pollinators). Determining when a species has gone extinct is an inexact science, but the researchers assumed that a species had disappeared from Britain if it had not been seen for at least 20 years. 

Local extinctions occurred as early as 1853 and as late as 1990, but about half occurred between 1930 and 1960. These disappearances line up with patterns of changes to British agricultural practices, the researchers note. In the late 19th century, for instance, farmers began to rely more on imported South American guano for fertilizer. That let farmers intensify their agriculture and resulted in wind-pollinated grasses replacing many of the wildflower species many pollinators relied upon for food. That time period also saw a decline in traditional crop rotation, when farmers would have periodically planted their fields with legumes or left them to weedy flowers—both of which support pollinating insects—to rejuvenate soil nutrients.

But the big decline in pollinators occurred in the middle of the 20th century, when Britain was intensifying its agriculture in response to food security concerns sparked by World War I. For decades before that conflict, Great Britain had relied on imports for much of its food supply, a practice that proved nearly disastrous when Germany began to cut off trade routes. In response, the nation amped up food production at home. This time period also saw the introduction of manufactured inorganic nitrogen fertilizers, which probably contributed to further declines in wildflowers.

“Fundamentally [the decline in bees and wasps] is about a reduction in the size of the area providing food resources on which these pollinators rely,” Ollerton says. Extinctions began to slow down in the 1960s, the researchers note, either because the most vulnerable species had already disappeared or conservation efforts were showing some success. “There were a range of initiatives, including the establishment of more nature reserves,” he says. The country also encouraged efforts to restore wild habitat, and more farmers began turning to organic agriculture, which uses less manufactured fertilizer and pesticides.

Parts of northern Europe, the United States and any other countries that had similar changes in agricultural practices may also have lost native pollinators over that time period, Ollerton adds.

“The U.S. suffers from the same sort of dumbing down of our landscapes across that same time period for the same reasons,” says Sam Droege of the U.S. Geological Survey Bee Inventory and Monitoring Lab. “We are too damn efficient” in our agricultural efforts, he says. “Croplands, pastures, and meadows now grow only crops, no weeds or wildflowers.”

But a continued decline in pollinator species is not inevitable, he says. Roadsides and rights-of-way can be managed to re-create more natural landscapes, for example. “Additionally, we need to reconsider our tree planting tactics to let some lands move only slowly into forest and keep other landscapes as permanent meadows, prairies, sage and scrublands,” he says. Such efforts would foster the growth of pollinator-friendly plant species. “We no longer have the luxury of letting Nature find its own level, but have to consciously foster wildness and diversity everywhere we live."

Read more: http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/bees-and-wasps-britain-have-been-disappearing-more-century-180953587/#jGT1sJ0Je5ebeC3R.99

Holiday Gifts - Support our local Beekeepers!

What could be sweeter than buying this year's holiday gifts from our local beekeepers!

 "And the bee said:
"We have rather chosen to fill our hives with honey and wax;
thus furnishing mankind with the two noblest of things,
which are sweetness and light.'"     
- from The Battle of the Books by Jonathan Swift 

Local honey, beeswax candles and other products produced by the honeybee are sold direct by LACBA members or at local Los Angeles Farmer's Markets, restaurants and shops. They provide the best bee products available; unprocessed raw US Grade "A" local honey, bee pollen, honey stix, handmade beeswax candles, soaps, lotions, lip balms. They are happy to share with you their knowledge of honey bee products, bees, beekeeping, and the state of bees today. And, they may even share with you some of their adventures in beekeeping. For more info and a Farmers Market near you visit our Honey and Bee Products page:  /honey-bee-products/.

You can also purchase online direct from the beekeepers at Bill's Bees and Klausebees

Bee Losses Followed World Wars

Science News    By Beth Mole    December 11, 2014

 Brisish historical Records show century long decline of pollinators. 

DIE-OFF  Extinctions of bees and some wasps in Britain zipped upward in the decades after the world wars, probably because of land use and agricultural changes.

Between 1851 and 1986, withering wildflower populations and booming agriculture may have joined forces to knock down the number of pollinators buzzing in Britain. Using inordinately detailed records collected mainly by amateur naturalists, researchers found that 19 species of bees and flower-visiting wasps died out in that time span, leaving about 500 pollinator species standing. Scientists suspect that at least four other species have since gone extinct, but it’s too soon to tally the losses.

Amid the century-long decline, the late 1920s through the late 1950s was an especially deadly period for Britain’s pollinators. The era corresponds to agricultural innovations such as synthetic fertilizers and land use changes that trailed the two world wars. The findings appear in the Dec. 12 Science

Citations: J. Ollerton et al. Extinctions of aculeate pollinators in Britain and the role of large-scale agricultural changesScience. Vol. 346, December 12, 2014, p. 1360. doi: 10.1126/science.1257259.

Further reading:  S. Milius. Big study raises worries about bees trading diseases. Science News Online, February 19, 2014. 

Read at: https://www.sciencenews.org/article/bee-losses-followed-world-wars?tgt=nr

Bee Pollen Diet

By Dr. Patrick Fratellone, MD RH (AHG) FIM
FACC, check out his blog at http://www.fratellonemedical.com/blog/

I always knew it was a power house of
protein, amino acids, vitamins, and minerals.
There are great books on Honey, Propolis,
Pollen and Royal Jelly.

Better Almonds for Bees

The Xerces Society           December 10, 2014

Working with several major food companies, and one of the largest almond producers in the world, Xerces is developing a game-changing strategy for almond production right now in California's Central Valley.

Between much needed rain showers this week, our California habitat specialist Jessa Kay Cruz, is managing a project to install nearly 5 miles of hedgerows and wildflower meadows throughout a 1,000 acre almond orchard. Thousands of flowering, drought-tolerant, native California shrubs are being planted, and hundreds of thousands of wildflower seeds are being sown to create nectar-rich habitat to support the bees that pollinate almonds.

All of this is just step one. In the year ahead we will be installing a first-of-its kind wildflower cover crop system under the trees, developing reduced-risk pest management strategies, and expanding this model to more and more orchards. The net effect, we hope, will be a better landscape for bees in California's almond country.

The Xerces Society

Beekeepers Partner with Corporations to Create Pollinator Habitat

CATCH THE BUZZ      By Kim Flottum    December 10, 2014

The Ohio Environmental Education Fund (OEEF) has awarded a grant “Beekeepers Collaborating to Create Pollinator Habitats” to beekeeping groups.  The project is a partnership of Medina County Beekeepers Association, The Ohio State Beekeepers Association, and the Pollinator Stewardship Council.  The project had to secure land partners for the habitat development prior to applying for the grant.  The grant will fund the development of pollinator habitat on 36 acres of corporate land in northeast Ohio and southwest Ohio.  Four corporate land partners have committed to creating and maintaining the habitat for a minimum of five years. The land partners are CEMEX, Inc., Remington Products Company, the Department of Veterans Affairs in Dayton, and Professional Services Providers of Wadsworth, LLC.  The grant will act as a catalyst to educate corporations, their employees, and customers about the need for pollinator habitat, connect beekeeping groups with local corporations, enhance public/private collaborations, and inspire land use changes in support of pollinator habitat.

“Lawns around corporate facilities are a grass desert for pollinators. They do not conserve water, add to the expenses of corporations in weekly mowing,  add to carbon emissions, and  have increased lawn chemical use that can cause concerns in the watershed.” stated Michele Colopy, Program Director of the Pollinator Stewardship Council, and regular contributor to Bee Culture Magazine.

“This grant is a wonderful opportunity for our local beekeeping clubs to build collaborative relationships with local businesses in order to support the health of our community.  Additional forage for pollinators will increase honey production, and support the pollinators so important to the floral success of our community gardens.” commented Terry Lieberman-Smith, Vice President of the Ohio State Beekeepers Association.

The pollinator habitat will be created on private land, however beekeepers will have access to it.  The land partners will contract with local beekeepers to place bee hives on the property.  The grant will also provide nesting areas for native pollinators.  Citizen Scientists will survey the land twice a year for the five years noting the diversity of insects, and other animal life that are utilizing the habitat.  This data will be available in a public database.  Educational materials will be provided to the corporate partners to share with their employees and customers.  The local bee clubs will provide scholarships to four 4-H students within the land partner areas, with the 4-H students writing articles for the corporate newsletters about honey bees and their beekeeping experience. The beekeeping partners will encourage other corporations to convert their grassy lawns into pollinator habitat through presentations about the project.

Peggy Garnes, President of the Medina County Beekeepers Association and advertising Director for Bee Culture Magazine, expressed excitement at the connections made by this program.  “This is a wonderful partnership of beekeepers and corporations coming together to support honey bees and native pollinators so important to our local beekeepers, gardeners, and farmers.”

As the program had to secure land partners prior to applying for the grant, the project cannot accept any other land partners at this time.  The Pollinator Stewardship Council, who wrote the grant, expects this project will serve as a pilot program adaptable in other states.  If your State Beekeeping organization is interested in a similar program in your state, contact the Pollinator Stewardship Council directly at progdirector@pollinatorstewardship.org or 832-727-9492.

Available online at http://live.ezezine.com/ezine/archives/1636/1636-2014.

Find out more about Bee Culture Magazine at www.BeeCulture.com

November Bee Lab Varroa and Nosema Results

Bee Informed Partnership   By Rachel Bozarth          December 4, 2014

Although the official start of winter does not begin for a few weeks, bitter cold air has spread across much of the northern region. The Minnesota and Oregon Tech Teams finished up their sampling at the end of October, so the honey bee samples received this month were all from the California team (where they are experiencing 60-70°F weather).

We examined 220 California samples for Varroa and 236 for Nosema. The average value for Varroawas 0.71 mites per 100 bees, and the average value for Nosema was 0.30 millions of spores per bee. Remarkably, these averages are almost exactly the same as the averages for California last month. However, our current disease levels are much lower than they were last year in November 2013.

Graph 1: A comparison of Varroa averages in November 2013 and 2014.Graph 2: A comparison of Nosema averages in November 2013 and 2014.

Graph 1: A comparison of Varroa averages in November 2013 and 2014.

Graph 2: A comparison of Nosema averages in November 2013 and 2014.

Bee Informed Partnership